Nanolithography Probes

Nanonics offers capillary glass and quartz nanopipettes for a variety of nanolithographic approaches such as nanoprinting, nanoetching, nanodeposition, etc.  Nanopipettes are capable of both liquid and gas delivery.  These nanopipettes come in a bent geometry suitable for multiprobe operation and integration with an optical microscope (straight nanopipettes are also available).

The nanopipettes can be used with a variety of inks including organic and aqueous liquids, nanoparticles, gases, proteins, nanotubes, and rods.  Controlled deposition can be achieved either through pressure or voltage. 


Key Features

Exposed Tip for Optical Integration

    • Provides complete optical access from above and below for full integration with optical and spectral microscopes.
    • Enables controlled and accurate nanolithography at the desired regions and on-line optical and spectral characterization.



Multiprobe Capabilities

Bent shape and exposed tip enable the inclusion of nanopipette and SPM probes for additional SPM methods conducted within nanometric distance from one each other. Investigate on-line AFM, electrical, thermal, magnetic, and optical characterization of objects or structures generated with a nanopipette.





Opening Diameter

>50 nm

Pipette Material

Quartz, Borosilicate glass

Cantilever Characteristics

Cantilever Length

100- 1000 µm

Force Constant

(Beam Bounce/Laser Based Feedback)

>20 N/m

Resonance Frequency

(Tuning Fork Feedback)

34.2 kHz



1. Nanolithography of Carbon Nanotube Structure with Online Topographic and Raman Characterization

CCD Image of SWCNT "HU" Pattern


Topographic Image of SWCNT "HU" Pattern


Raman Map at G Band of SWCNT "HU" Pattern


Raman Bands of SCWNT

Read more: "Nanodrawing of Aligned Single Carbon Nanotubes with a Nanopen"  Talia YeshuaChristian LehmannUwe HübnerSuzanna AzoubelShlomo MagdassiEleanor E. B. CampbellStephanie Reich, and Aaron Lewis          Nano Lett.201616 (3), pp 1517–1522


2. Repair and Alteration of Nanodevices and Nanostructures

Metal electrodes connected with Silver conductive ink delivered through the pipette


3. Nanolithography of Conductive Ink

AgNO3 Lines on Gold Substrate
Voltage Controlled Printing of Gold Nanoparticles


4. Atomic-force-controlled Capillary Electrophoretic Nanoprinting (ACCEP)

Confocal Image of Electrically controlled printing of fluorescent BSA by the electroosmotic flow.

Read more: "Atomic-force-controlled capillary electrophoretic nanoprinting of proteins"  Yulia Lovsky, Aaron Lewis, Chaim Sukenik, Eli Grushka     Anal Bioanal Chem (2010) 396:133138


5. Local Gas Delivery 

Gas sensitivity characterization of materials used for advanced gas sensor fabrication.  For example, GaN nanowires are sensitive to methane CH4 gas and can be used for fabrication of the advanced gas sensor. 

Read more: Localized Charge Transfer Process and Surface Band Bending in Methane Sensing by GaN Nanowires Avinash Patsha, Prasana Kumar Sahoo, Sankarakumar Amirthapandian, Arun K.Prasad, Arindam Das, Ashok Kumar Tyagi, Monica Alonso Cotta, and Sandip Dhara J. Phys. Chem. C, 27 Aug 2015








Filling & Preparing the NanoPipette Probe